The benefits of cereals like Wheat, buckwheat (or WHEAT BLACK), RICE, CORN, OATS, millet, rye and barley, AMONG OTHERS BELONG TO THE FAMILY OF GRASS are now ell known. GRAINS ARE RICH IN CARBS AND ALSO CONTAIN PROTEIN.
SINCE THE BEGINNING OF CIVILIZATION HAVE SERVED AS FOOD FOR MAN AND ANIMALS.
Throughout the years, this cast was modified and the various cereals were adapted to new climates and soils. Also, thanks to the research and agricultural engineering, different varieties have evolved, improving quality, and becoming more productive and resilient.
Today, cereals are one of the main elements of the food industry.
The importance of eating breakfast cereals
The first meal of the day interrupts a very long period of fasting during the hours of sleep. During that time, many brain functions “fall asleep” (although all vital functions continue) and need the energy intake that provides breakfast stop them reactivated. The essential nutrients that must be present at breakfast are carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals.
Cereals are an excellent vehicle for energy, mainly because they provide carbohydrates.
Also, are fiber source (they are present in these whole grains) and vitamins (especially B complex), and are low in fat and sodium. Flaked cereals, besides providing these natural nutrients are fortified with vitamins and minerals. There are also varieties with high fiber or combined with fruits, nuts and honey.
What are the Benefits of cereals and the importance of fiber?
Dietary fibers are large molecules that are, mainly, the walls of plant cells. Our body is not like that of ruminants, is not able to digest these fibers.
Dietary fibers are not recognizable to the naked eye; The fibers are formed by certain components of the plant which are not affected by the secretions of the small intestine and pass, without being digested, directly into the large intestine.
Different types of fibers
The fibers may be soluble or insoluble, each of these types plays a different role in the organism. Soluble, as indicated by its name, dissolve in water, which are partially digested by the body and could control the level of blood cholesterol. Until recently its nutritional function was unknown, but now studies show that it is very important in the digestive and absorption processes.
Insoluble fiber is composed of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin. It is not digested by the body. Prevents intestinal diseases, promoting the proper functioning of the intestine.
Where can fiber be found and how much should I eat?
The fiber is found mainly in foods containing complex carbohydrates, for example, cereals. Wheat bran is the product that has as many brutes fibers. Fiber also is present in cereals and breads, vegetables and fruits.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommends that adults ingest daily 20 to 35 grams of dietary fiber. This amount is readily achieved with the consumption of cereals. Ideal for children and adolescents/
According to various studies, it has been shown that the first meal of the die helps children to think quickly, pay attention and communicate appropriately with the environment. Breakfast increase learning ability, concentration and memory, but only during the morning.
A school-age child who attends the school without breakfast could have these difficulties against another that if I take your first meal of the day.
All these brain functions are linked with a good breakfast. The brain feeds on glucose and requires it to function properly. Therefore, breakfast should provide about 140 grams of the substance as well if not, the body will be forced to replace those, but much less effective fat reserve fuel source.
Like adults, children also need fiber. A low-fat, high-fiber diet (composed of cereals, fruits and vegetables) will reduce the risk of coronary heart disease in adult life. Therefore, being rich in carbohydrates and fiber, cereal flakes are ideal for breakfast guys.
What is the exact amount of fiber for a boy 3-18 years old?
Using a very simple formula you can determine the grams needed daily: Simply add 5 to the age of the child in question. For example, a child under 6 years will have to consume 11 grams (5 + 6) of fiber per day. For babes, from six months there are many varieties of cereals fortified with vitamins and minerals.
Nutritional contribution of cereals
• Hydrates carbon or carbohydrates. They are the source of faster energy The cell uses as fuel and energy extracted from them long lasting.
Vitamin B1. Affects neurotransmission transmission and brain co acts revitalizing ma ¬
• Vitamin B3. Controls: cholesterol and is essential for the proper functioning of the central nervous system.
• Vitamin B5. Involved in the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates carbon. Increases immune defenses. It is detoxifying and helps support the physical and emotional stress
• Vitamin B6. Reduce levels homocistema (associated with heart disease). Involved in the functioning of the nervous system.
• Vitamin E Take care of the body for the formation of free radicals. Prevents abnormal red blood cell destruction, eye disorders and certain types of anemias.
• Folic acid. Is some component necessary for the formation of red blood enzymes, and their presence keeps it healthy the EIP and prevents some types of anemia.
• Vitamin C. Increases the absorption of iron. Increasing influence immune defenses.
• Iron: Basic element of hemoglobin in the blood, which carries oxygen, is stored in the liver and to a lesser proportion in the lymphatic tissue. Prevents anemia.
• Calcium and phosphorus: Requirements for the formation and development of bones and teeth, and proper function of the nervous and muscular system.