Updated: Apr 14, 2020
A catalog of 10 recommendations for osteoarthritis patients
Osteoarthritis is a “wear and tear” of cartilage, which may be progressive. The disease can affect any joint, but the most common are those of the hands, knees, hips and spine. Contrary to what many people think, arthritis is not a disease of old age; anyone can have it.
Osteoarthritis frequency increases with age and is more common in women and in genetically predisposed individuals, but even many of these factors can not be modified, prevent onset and progression is possible.
1 Keep a proper body weight
Obesity is one of the causes of the disease, and also makes this progress more rapidly. If you are obese or overweight, start a diet program that makes you lose weight; your doctor can help in this regard. Special diets are not necessary, nor are completely forbidden food in this disease. A diet low in calories is enough.
2 Heat and cold
In general, heat is more beneficial in osteoarthritis. It can be applied in a home with a heating pad or hot water bottle placed on the painful joint. Relieve pain and relax muscles. Sometimes the arthritic joint can have an intense inflammatory outbreak, on these occasions, it is useful to apply cold, using ice packs or cold bars.
There are many types of medications that may be beneficial in this disease. There are analgesics, anti inflammatory, gels and creams, local injections, and drugs that can prevent the progression of osteoarthritis. But will your doctor or rheumatologist to decide, at any time of evolution, which is right for you. Do not treat yourself. Called alternative therapies such as acupuncture, osteopathy, herbs-have proven effective scientifically try some home remedies for arthritis and osteoarthritis.
Sleep on flatbed. Avoid sitting on armchairs or sunken sofas and use straight-backed chairs, where your hips and knees position maintain a natural, and his feet are touching the ground.
Exercise protects the joint and increases the strength of our muscles. Decrease the maximum mobility, makes the arthritic person becomes dependent on others. It is good walking, cycling and the swimming, but contact sports or high physical stress are less desirable. There are also specific exercises for each joint that is affected by the disease. Get Listed your doctor or rheumatologist, and make them daily.
Osteoarthritis is a disease characterized by intermittent periods of pain, and during periods with increased pain, relative rest is beneficial. Also good interlayer small rest periods during the activities of daily living.
“In cold weather, the symptoms of osteoarthritis usually worsen, and that drives up the number of queries that are made to physicians“
7 Do not overload the joints
Do not lift heavy weights, do not walk on uneven ground, and unable to stand for long periods without rest.
Use a cart to carry purchases. If you have osteoarthritis of the knee or hip, the use of a walking stick reduces the overhead of these joints
8 Proper footwear
If you have osteoarthritis lumbar, hips or knees, you should use a thick-soled shoes, which absorbs the force of impact of the foot against the ground while walking.
This can also be achieved with templates or silicone heel s placed on the shoe. Do not wear shoes with high heels too. It is preferable to use piano or a small taco shoe.
9 Thermal spas
Mineral water applied to the treatment of osteoarthritis. This succeeded in improving pain and relax the muscle contracture. The Spa perform cosmetic and relaxing treatment by using water, however, has as the first mineral characteristics. Both forms can be useful in osteoarthritis.
10 Keep a positive attitude
Osteoarthritis, nevertheless, per-mite maintain a complete personal and family life, with very few limitations. In more advanced cases, and worse outcome, there are surgical treatments that can solve the problem. Osteoarthritis “per se” does not affect the life and progress in research and treatment are ongoing.
Does Osteoarthritis affect equally in men and women? Women suffer more often osteoarthritis and the prevalence increases with age.
When symptoms first appear? Although there may be over 30 or 35 years, especially in the case that there are genetic or metabolic disorders that cause cartilage to degenerate prematurely, the disease usually appears after 45 or 50 years.
Is it a genetic disorder? As noted by indicating the causes of the disease, more and more genes associated with the development of osteoarthritis are discovered.
Can surgery be performed to the arthritic patient? Surgery is a process which may be useful when other treatments have failed. The possibility of resorting to surgery depends on the type of the affected joint.
Are recommended for prostheses arthritis patients? They are a pretty good option, but its use should be restricted to cases that require it. Although they can last a lifetime in many cases, has a limited duration. The up time of a prosthesis depends on personal factors, age, activity that is done with it.