Respiratory diseases in children

Respiratory diseases in children:

Guide for Parents

Bronchitis and Bronchospasm

Is there a relationship between bronchitis, asthma, bronchospasm and allergies? These words are used to describe medical overlapping or similar concepts. Asthma is a disease in which there is inflammation of the bronchi, ie bronchitis or bronchospasm, which, in turn, is caused by an allergy to a substance from the environment. In other words, a patient that has asthma, always suffer from inflammation, bronchospasm, and usually allergy.

Bronchitis is the inflammation of the bronchi. It can be infectious, viral or bacterial, or be generated by environmental stresses, such as pollution and other chemicals that are inhaled. The symptoms in general are cough and cold.

Bronchiolitis is a typical affection of the first 2 years of life, in which there is inflation of the bronchioles, usually caused by a virus such as respiratory syncytial or rhinovirus. This inflammation can cause severe respiratory distress box, and require hospitalization. Characteristically occurs in early winter and extends throughout the season.

Bronchospasm: refers to the difficulty experienced to flow along the air bronchi. When this situation occurs, also inflammation of the inner lining of the bronchi occurs. Therefore, inflammation and bronchospasm usually coexist.

In general, children with episodes of bronchospasm or bronchial obstruction, have coughing, wheezing and difficulty breathing. Many times, they are usually active children begin to stay still because they feel the limitation. And in other cases, when the issue is severe, sit, breathe using the shoulders, move the nostrils, etc.

Pneumonia: is an infection of the lungs, in which there are secretions or alveolar lung tissue. This is due to infectious causes, in general, bacteria such as pneumococcus and also there neumonfas viral and symptoms are fever, coughing and difficulty breathing.

Wheezing: refer to a whistle or beep produced by breath passing through a bronchus is narrowed, either because they have a bronchospasm, because its wall is swollen or both. That sound is characteristic of bronchial asthma, but it can result in some other circumstances.

Bronchial Allergy: This is not a medical term. When allergy or allergic mechanisms affect inflamed bronchial asthma really should be call. The terms “bronchial allergy”, “allergic bronchitis” or the like are popular synonyms for not using the word asthma is the underlying disease.

Laryngitis: is inflammation of the larynx and vocal cords. Symptoms are cough and, in many cases, difficult to inspire. It can be caused by viral infections, reflux or allergies. In some animals, usually a recurring problem.

Cold: The terms “viral cold” or “common cold”, referring to the commitment of the upper airways with fever or febricula, increased secretion, sneezing and discomfort. It is very common in children and adults. It is characteristically produced by viruses, which predominate during the fall and winter.

Allergies: produced by a hypersensitivity mechanism in which the patient has symptoms and react when faced with substances that would be safe for another patient.

What to do when children are coughing, very often throughout the year?

What is the difference between wet and dry cough?

Many children cough because they have respiratory pathology. Cough is a symptom that occurs in many respiratory conditions such as sinusitis, bronchitis, asthma, lung or respiratory infection. There are guys who have, in addition, habitual cough ie cough without necessarily there is pathology at that time. However, the child must be medically evaluated to know which is the origin of the flu symptoms. The difference between the dry cough and cough hurneda is that the latter is accompanied by a lot of secretions and cough, which is easily audible when moving within the thorax of the child. Dry cough without expectoration or secretions that are being mobilized.

There are people who have dry cough only at night, what does it mean?

Children with dry cough at night suffering in many cases sinusitis, but others may have esophageal reflux or asthma, which manifests as nocturnal cough.

How many days can be a guy with a cough and runny nose?

Depending on the age and circumstances can sometimes take months. If a small child who has suffered from bronchiolitis, attends a nursery or kindergarten, it is usual that this several days with a runny nose and cough to return to school. The same applies to children with allergies or asthma who are not adequately addressed. The number of days varies, but the key is to find the cause, appropriate treatment and indicate that the box can be controlled.

Clarifying myths more

Is there any way to tell when a child has mucus high or low?

High mucus, generally easily show if the child blows his nose.

Low snot are heard, and it is very easy for a physician to diagnose. You may also be clearly noted from which the secretion coughing. Actually, if Mom wanted to know if the mucus is high or low, would have to seek advice from your physician for the train.

In what cases is recommended preventive paff?

Preventive anti-inflammatory medication is recommended via inhalation in animals, in which there is an established diagnosis of bronchial asthma or who have what is called a “positive asthma predictive index.” This index suggests that the medication will help to have fewer episodes and better control of their disease. This type of medication is harmless, does not damage the heart, and when it is correctly stated and applied, significantly changes the quality of life of the child allowing activities normally.

Necessarily the person suffering bronchospasm or bronchiolitis suffers fever as well?

In many young children bronchospasm is accompanied by fever, as this is associated with a viral infection. However, there are many children of school age in particular that may have bronchospasm or bronchial obstruction without fever.

Are children who often have bronchospasm, should stop taking milk in bottle after two years of age?

To the extent that the child can learn to drink in a glass or cup, is preferable. What clearly should not do is take the bottle in decubitus position, ie lying down, because that encourages aspiration of droplets into the respiratory tract.

What measures should be taken at home to prevent worsening Ia situation of a child with breathing problems?

The measures to be taken in the home of a child with respiratory pathology, starting with the absolute avoidance of the snuff smoke. If the child were allergic, particularly mites, should not have carpets or stuffed animals. If allergic cats or dogs, that kind of pet should not be present. The need to modify the environment by an allergic question depends on an accurate diagnosis.

Frequently in winter

Is there a time of year in Ia to be taken more care?

All of these conditions are more common in autumn and winter. Also, it is very common in allergic patients, symptoms predominate in spring and summer. Anyway, the answer is individual to each child. Keep in mind always, that there is good ventilation, avoid smoke snuff and proper hygiene at home.

Does the flu vaccine Ia decreases the chances of having any of these conditions?

No. The flu vaccine is indicated in children with respiratory pathology. Infection with influenza virus is usually more severe and more likely to cause complications in children with pre-existing respiratory affection. None of these respiratory diseases will be cured by the flu vaccine, but it will avoid the risk of a complication.

Are any of these conditions contagious?

Allergic disease is not contagious, viral yes. Therefore, it is very common that children attending gardens, nurseries or schools, often respiratory infections from spreading quickly.

Mists and steam:

Are they useful?

In what cases either recommended?

Mists are a method to administer medication to the airway or bronchodilators, such as salbutamol, in young children. The steam, in some cases of dry cough, can give symptomatic relief. The steam serves nothing but in rare cases, whereas nebulised salbutamol indicated when bronchial obstruction.

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