As 75 percent of people over the age of sixty-five know, veins that have become swollen, raised, and snakelike are called Spider Veins. If one or more of the one-way valves in superficial veins no longer functions normally, the blood headed back to the heart can pool or even flow backward. This stretches the vein and makes it impossible for other nearby valves to close properly as well. The vein becomes swollen and kinked, and blood stagnates in the vein. The veins turn purple, dark blue, or cranberry in color. You can use home remedies spider veins to treat and reduce this condition.
Spider Veins are most common on the thighs, the backs of the calves, the insides of the legs, and the ankles. In addition to being cosmetically displeasing, Spider Veins often feel heavy, burn, itch, or throb, and the feet and ankles can swell.
The legs may feel hot and heavy and become sensitive to pressure. Symptoms generally worsen during the day, especially with prolonged standing.
The severity of the appearance of the Spider Veins does not necessarily correspond to the severity of the associated pain and soreness.
People with only a few visible varicosities can suffer from severe pain from them.
Spider Veins run in families, and affect women more frequently because of premenstrual or menopausal hormones, birth control pills, and pregnancy. In fact, they occur in 40 percent of pregnant women. Other factors that contribute to Spider Veins include advancing age, muscular atrophy in the legs, poor circulation, smoking, prolonged bed rest, overweight, lack of exercise, prolonged standing or sitting, tight clothing, high heels, excessive heavy lifting, and chronic constipation.
In addition to being painful and tiring, Spider Veins can cause other problems. These include blood clots and inflammation in the veins, and bleeding (either under the skin or on the surface) if the distended vein is accidentally cut or bumped.
The presence of many varicosities prevents the delivery of enough nutrients and oxygen to the tissues of the legs and delays removal of wastes from leg tissues. Then the skin around the varicosities may become very thin, discolored, hardened, and prone to ulcers.
Very tiny dilated capillaries, usually on the face, legs, and thighs, are called spider veins. They are typically a red or bluish color and can be short unconnected lines or come together in a "sunburst" pattern or a spiderweblike pattern just under the surface of the skin. They are not an early sign of Spider Veins and are not a dangerous problem.
Spider veins often run in families, and tend to be more common in women, especially with the hormonal changes of puberty and pregnancy.
Injury to a part of the body or wearing tight hosiery may bring out unwanted spider veins in the involved area. Spider veins also occur on the face in those with fair skin, rosacea, and chronic, unprotected sun exposure.
List of Home Remedies for Spider Veins
Horse-chestnut seed offers perhaps the best herbal relief for the swelling, pain, itching, fatigue, and tenseness associated with varicose and spider veins. Clinical studies show that horse chestnut improves circulation in the legs, decreases inflammation, and strengthens the capillaries and veins. Combine ten parts distilled witch hazel with one part tincture of horse chestnut and apply this mixture externally to the affected areas as needed to help ease discomfort. Look for an extract of horse chestnut that provides a daily dosage of 50 milligrams of aescin, one of the key compounds that strengthens capillary cells and reduces fluid leakage. You can also take 500 milligrams of oral horse chestnut three times a day. It usually takes about 3 months to see benefits, so be patient.
Caution: Do not exceed the recommended oral dosage of horse chestnut extract, because larger doses can be toxic.
Bilberry extract stimulates new capillary formation, strengthens capillary walls, and enhances the effect of vitamin C in reducing blood-vessel fragility. Take 20 to 40 milligrams three times a day.
Butcher's broom extract improves varicosities by constricting and strengthening veins. Take 300 milligrams three times a day.
Gingko biloba extract enhances tissue oxygenation and circulation. Take 40 milligrams three times a day.
Grapeseed extract also improves circulation. Take 50 milligrams three times a day.
Gotu kola extract is helpful for venous insufficiency, water retention in the ankles, foot swelling, and varicose veins. Take 200 milligrams three times a day.
Hawthorn extract contains vitamin C, bioflavonoids, zinc, and sulfur, all of which are helpful for varicose veins. Take 200 milligrams three times a day
Distilled witch hazel is soothingly astringent when applied to areas with varicosities by means of a cotton ball dipped in the extract. Several studies in animals have shown that witch hazel helps to strengthen blood vessels as well.
Supplements Spider Veins
Vitamin C, bioflavonoids, and vitamin E help to improve circulation and reduce pain from varicosities. Bioflavonoids also strengthen venous walls and connective tissue that supports blood vessels, and vitamin E also acts as a blood thinner to improve circulation. Take 1,000 milligrams of vitamin C and 300 milligrams of a bioflavonoid complex three times daily, and 200 international units of vitamin E twice daily. Take an additional 1,000 milligrams of rutin daily.
Essential fatty acids also help to decrease pain from varicose veins. Take 500 to 1,000 milligrams of black currant seed, borage, or evening primrose oil a day to reduce pain.
Take 25,000 international units of beta-carotene daily.
Take a vitamin-B complex plus an additional 60 milligrams of vitamin B6 daily for several months.