A study in Argentina and seven other Latin American countries, indicates that a large percentage of people with nasal allergies receive medical care but their condition is not diagnosed correctly. For this reason thousands of people are living with the disease, but do not receive treatment that could mean a better quality of life.
Know if you have nasal allergies
Nasal allergy is the most common chronic respiratory disease among the world’s population. Its 4 main symptoms are sneezing, runny nose, congestion, which is the most important symptom and that bothers the patient and itching. Also, over 50% of cases show ocular symptoms, known as rhino conjunctivitis . Allergic diseases arise from the interaction of genetics with environmental exposure to sensitizing allergen.
In spring, perennial chalcogens, such as mites and fungi, pollens from trees, weeds and grasses help to increase nasal symptoms at this time.
To better understand how these allergens affect the nasal allergies, interviews with 22,000 households in eight Latin American countries were conducted. The countries where interviews were conducted in Argentina, Brazil and Mexico. Of 22 000 surveyed households were found to have nasal allergies 1,100 adults and 460 children.
The research called “nasal allergies in Latin America” estimated prevalence of allergies in 7 percent of the population, which is very low when compared with the results of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) which involved more than 100 countries and showed an average prevalence of 22 percent. The low prevalence of the result in the Latin American study shows that nasal allergy is a disease, and consequently undertreated, and that is the key message.
One could say that this health problem is underestimated by patients, underdiagnosed by doctors and consequently undertreated. People affected by allergic rhinitis decreases their work and school productivity by 33 percent.
Respiratory problems cause sleep disorders, a non-restful sleep, which in turn causes problems during the day like failure to concentrate.
The study shows that there is an underestimation of the patient who is used to living with nasal allergy and do not seek help and simply takes nonprescription drugs to relieve symptoms.
Furthermore, research highlights the underdiagnosis of the disease. From the point of view of the health practice, every doctor uses a stethoscope to listen to the lung, but not every doctor uses a nasal speculum to look at the nose and see if, for example, patients have allergic rhinitis (nasal allergies) or not.