It is estimated that about 40% of ophthalmology consultation are because of dry eye, a condition that is difficult to identify, because the symptoms are easily confused with other problems.
We do not know exactly how many people have dry eye; However, we estimate that there may be about 14 million patients with symptoms of dry eye.
More and more people are approaching the eye clinics with discomfort in eyes without knowing which one it is, and about 40% of queries are about this issue. There are a variety of home remedies for dry eyes available that we will give you in this article.
Is called “Dry eye” to the abnormal condition of the outer portion of the eye that occurs in some people when they produce little amount of tears or tears are deficient.
Among the factors that can cause it are the patient’s age (the amount of tears decreases naturally over the years); the use of certain medications such as antihistamines, antidepressants, tranquilizers and decongestants, which can decrease the ability of the lacrimal glands; certain systemic diseases such as arthritis, lupus or allergies and skin diseases and the use of contact lenses.
In addition, there are other external causes that significantly affect eye health, and the environment in which the person (spaces with low humidity) is, environmental pollution, artificial air conditioning and prolonged exposure to computers and electronic displays.
Dry eye can occur in varying degrees, and the level held by the patient, the condition can affect your quality of life. Experts stress that there are three stages of the disease:
Mild, moderate and severe. The mild usually goes unnoticed by the sufferer and the signs and symptoms are triggered to environmental factors such as indoors, using monitors, smoke, air conditioning, airplanes, shopping malls, sun and wind, also by the use of some medications.
Patients with mild dry eye, are controlled by artificial lubricants in drops (eye drops) and night lubricating gels, and indicates extreme care when exposed to environmental factors already described. In turn, patients with moderate presents signs and spontaneous symptoms without the intervention of the aforementioned triggers, while those suffering from the disease in severe degree, usually have lesions on the ocular surface and have signs and symptoms almost constantly, if untreated. Usually these tables are associated with organic diseases that cause dry eye.
In these cases the treatment of the underlying disease and contact with the clinical physician, rheumatologist, dermatologist and / or immunologist is necessary.
Symptoms and Home Remedies for Dry Eyes
Undoubtedly, as the disease progresses, the quality of life of patients will be more limited and affected. Dry eye affects the quality of life of people, in everyday life, in social and labor matters. The symptoms of dry eye can cause changes in vision, resulting in visual fatigue, inability to set the vision, difficulty in reading, in the use of computers and monitors, in concentration. in addition, discomfort and symptoms that this disease causes affect concentration, reducing work performance. Feeling of constant sleep, heaviness in the eyelids and blurred vision are some of these manifestations.
According to experts, the patient’s lifestyle also influences. Not only for their habits, but also for the locations where they live. It happens that the eye surface is constantly exposed to the environment, and each day contacts 10,000 liters of air. Air pollution is thus an important factor to consider.
It is a proven that the surrounding environment influences the normal functioning of the ocular surface and that those individuals exposed to higher levels of urban air pollution have increased symptoms of dry eye. The effect of environmental pollution can have on people, varies according to each individual, and particularly affects patients with dry eye syndrome. The ocular surface has mechanisms to adapt to different levels of environmental pollution. Patients with dry eyes do not have this capability, so that adverse environmental conditions disproportionately worsen ocular discomfort.
Tears, a defense mechanism against dry eyes
Tears play a fundamental role in the health care of the eyes. After each blink, they are responsible for forming a film over the eye that overcomes gravity and remains stable for about 10 seconds before the blink. This tear film moisturizes, provides nutrients and protects the eye from the toxic substances found in the air. The stability of this tear film is the time it takes to break, and will vary according depend contamination levels that this person exposed.
The effects that pollution can have in view, there is another important factor: the environment. They are considered at risk people who work in air conditioned offices artificially high air flow and low relative humidity, as are those for many hours in contact with computers. This is because the exposure to electronic and computer screens reduces the blink rate and in case the tear film break before the next blink, the eyes met dry without nutrients and exposed to toxic substances in the air . Exposure for a long time in front of computers or electronic displays reduces the eye’s ability to produce its own defense.
Home Remedies for Dry Eyes
- Vitamin A is very necessary for a healthy vision.
- Eat spinach and take Lutein or spinach extract because they contain carotenoid needed for retina and eye tissue.
- Take a Vitamin B complex. About 100 mg. of each B vitamin 3 times a day has been shown to relieve the B vitamin deficiency that leads to dry eyes.
- Use raspberry leaves to make a tea and when cool, soak a piece of cotton and apply it to the eye.
- Using Eyebright herb in drops is excellent for bloodshot eyes. This plant can be use internally and is much more effective than commercial eye drops and safer.
- Cayenne it’s an anti inflammatory for the mucus membranes Use very small amounts well diluted or in an eye drop form.
- Take Ginkgo biloba. It increases the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the eye.