Answers to the most frequently asked questions
When talking about nutrition and diabetes, is commonly believed that eliminating sugar from the diet the problem will be solved. This belief is erroneous: there are permitted and forbidden foods of all kinds.
In spite of all the advances in the treatment of diabetes, patient education about their own disease remains the primary tool for controlling the disease. People suffering from diabetes, unlike those with many other medical problems, can not simply take some pills or insulin in the morning and forget about the condition. Any differences in diet, exercise, stress level, and other factors can affect the level of blood sugar. Therefore, the more knowledge you have about the effects of these factors, the better control you may have regarding your condition.
Word of specialist
Why is it necessary to visit a nutritionist?
Nutritionists have received training and are very familiar with the way the body uses food. Nutritionists specialize in diabetes can teach you about the food you eat and how they alter your level of blood glucose, so you can coordinate your diabetes medications with your food.
How many calories should you eat per day?
How to reduce the amount of fat in foods.
How to make mealtime more interesting
A dietitian can help you learn the answers to these and many other questions. A dietitian can work with you to create a healthy eating plan that includes your favorite foods.
Can I eat foods that contain sugar?
For most people with diabetes eating a piece of cake made with sugar causes the level of glucose in the blood to increase. The same happens if you eat corn or a sandwich. The truth is that sugar has a bad reputation. People with diabetes can eat sugar and, in fact, they do. In your body, the sugar is converted into glucose, but this transformation is also true for the other foods mentioned above. With sugary foods, the rule of thumb is moderation. If you eat these foods in excess, then:
1) It will make your blood glucose level in the blood increases more than expected;
2) You will be satisfied, but without incorporating the nutrients in vegetables and cereals;
3) You will go up in weight. Therefore, you can eat a portion of birthday cake. but also eat a little less bread or potatoes and replace the cake.
Also, it is always useful to undertake a walk, a fast pace, to burn some calories.
About body weight
Why losing weight is good for diabetes?
Weight loss helps people with diabetes in two essential ways. First, reduces insulin resistance, which makes it possible for natural insulin (in people with type 2 diabetes) decreased levels of blood glucose more effectively. If you take medications for diabetes, weight loss lowers glucose levels in the blood, and this allows lower doses of medication. Second, improved levels of blood pressure and blood fats. People with diabetes are about twice as likely to develop cardiovascular disease, when compared with most people. One way to reduce this risk is to lower levels of blood fats and blood pressure.
How do I reduce the amount of fat in my diet?
We give you some tips to start the task.
See a dietitian for more tips and tricks.
Choose food choices low-fat or fat, such as milk with 1% fat or fat-free or low-fat cheese.
Keep portion sizes within the parameters established. Avoid fried foods. Instead, eat vegetables and meats roasted in the oven or grill.
Certain fats are better than others?
Yes they are. Monounsaturated fats are healthier for the body. Nuts (such as almonds, cashews, hazelnuts and peanuts) and avocados contain such fats. For cooking, choose olive oil. Then, in the scale of healthier fats are polyunsaturated fats. Such fats are found in corn oil, safflower oil, soybean oil.
Use only small amounts of foods containing saturated fats like butter, lard and beef fat. A healthy diet includes less than 30% of calories from fat, with less than 10% of them from saturated fat.
Ingredients: 4 medium zucchini, 1 onion, 1 clove garlic, 2 fresh tomatoes, diced 4 slices of ham into pieces 2 tablespoons grated cheese, 3 tablespoons tomato puree, 4 tablespoons bread crumbs, 1 / 2 teaspoon oregano. Salt and pepper
Preparation: Cut the squash in half, lengthwise, remove the pulp and reserve. In a hot pan, and with a little water, covered, cook chopped onion and garlic until they are transparent. Add the reserved zucchini pulp, tomato cubes (previously peeled), chopped ham, grated cheese, tomato puree, breadcrumbs and oregano. Add salt and pepper and cook over low heat for 4-5 minutes.
Distribute the filling among the squash halves and arrange in a baking dish. Cook over medium heat, in preheated oven for for 30 or 35 minutes or until tender.
Cholesterol: 24 mg.
Carbohydrates: 17 g
Ingredients: 2 chicken breasts without skin or visible fat 2 teaspoons fresh sage or thyme, 1 clove of garlic, 5 tablespoons nonfat plain yogurt. Salt and ground pepper.
Preparation: Cut the chicken into cubes. Chop the herbs and garlic, very finely.
Place all ingredients in a bowl and mix. Cover and keep in refrigerator for 8 hours.
Oiling brochette sticks and distribute chicken cubes; salt and pepper.
Sprinkle the skewers with vegetable spray and cook on grill or in the oven for about 15 minutes or until the meat is browned and cooked. Turn half the time and re-spray with vegetable spray. Serve with green salad garnish.
Cholesterol: 50 mg.
Carbohydrates: 1 g
“Choose foods with low-fat or fat such as milk with 1% fat or fat-free or low-fat cheese.”
Forget eating wildly. The key to healthy living is moderation. If you can control the portion sizes of the food you eat, be able to eat a wider variety of foods, including her favorites, and still maintain the level of blood sugar within normal values.
What I can do if I overeat during the holidays?
Can I use sweetener?
Consuming low calorie sweetener is safe for anyone, except for people with phenylketonuria, which should not ingest aspartame. The dulcorantes no calories, such as aspartame, saccharin, sucralose and acesulfame K do not increase the level of blood glucose. The sugar alcohols (xylitol, mannitol and sorbitol) have some calories and increase the level of glucose in the blood slightly. Ingesting any such excess alcohols can cause gas and diarrhea.
How much weight should I lose?
Limit weight loss at 230 or 460 grams per week will keep you saludabley for you to enjoy in small amounts of the foods you most enjoy. A weight loss, slow but steady is the key to not regain lost weight.
Can I drink alcoholic beverages?
Yes you can, but with moderation. Moderation means not drinking more than one drink per day, for women, and no more than two, in the case of men. A glass of wine to 148 ml, 355 ml of beer or 45 ml of distilled white drink with 40% alcohol content. Make sure your medications do not require that alcohol be avoided, and obtain consent from your physician to do so.
What vitamins will help my diabetes Ia?
If you choose a variety of fruits, vegetables, grains and meat to eat every day, and keep your blood sugar in the blood next to the ideals parameters probably do not need to take vitamin supplements for diabetes.
Are there any herbs that can help control diabetes?
There are many herbs with the effect of decreased levels of glucose.
Did you know that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) of the United States does not believe that herbs are food or medicine?
Home remedies Diabetes: Huckleberry promotes the production of insulin.
Home remedies Diabetes: A tea made with kidney beans, white beans, navy beans, lima beans, and northern beans removes toxins from the pancreas.
Home remedies Diabetes: Blood sugar can drop as much as 50 points in the first week using mangosteen supplements. Many people, including those with Diabetes 1, Diabetes 2, and chronic inflammation, have been very pleased with the mangosteen juice.
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